What will be needed to realize the vision of a world free from hunger and malnutrition?After shedding light on the nature of the challenges that agriculture and food systems are facing now and throughout the 21st century, the study provides insights into what is at stake and what needs to be done. Business as usual is not an option. Major transformations in agricultural systems, rural economies and natural resources management are necessary.The present study was undertaken for the quadrennial review of FAO's strategic framework and for the preparation of the Organization Medium-Term plan 2018-2021.
Animal disease surveillance is key to improving disease analysis, early warning and predicting disease emergence and spread. As a preventive measure, disease surveillance is aimed at reducing animal health-related risks and major consequences of disease outbreaks on food production and livelihoods. Early warning systems are dependent on the quality of animal disease information collected at all levels via effective surveillance;
Therefore, data gathering and sharing is essential to understand the dynamics of animal diseases in diverse agro-ecological settings to support effective decision-making to prevent disease and for emergency response.
Animal disease surveillance systems track zoonotic dieases and identify emerging diseases and, as such, are recognized as a global public good to support improved animal and global public health.
The ninth biennial issue of State of the World's Forests, published at the outset of 2011, the International Year of Forests, considers the theme 'Changing pathways, changing lives: forests as multiple pathways to sustainable development'. It takes a holistic view of the multiple ways in which forests support livelihoods.
The chapters assembled for this year's State of the World's Forests highlight four key areas that warrant greater attention: regional trends on forest resources, the development of sustainable forest industries, climate change mitigation and adaptation, and the local value of forests.
Considered together, these themes provide insights on the true contribution of forests to the creation of sustainable livelihoods and alleviation of poverty.
Lands in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world are severely affected by land degradation due to deforestation, inappropriate land use and land mismanagement. Strong demographic pressure and unsustainable land use systems have increased the demand for land resources, pushing the limits of production to drier and more marginal lands. Soil fertility loss and accelerated erosion cause land degradation and lead to reduced land productivity. Deforestation entails loss of biodiversity and contributes to increased carbon emissions. Recent reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 1995) indicate that there is mounting evidence that these increased carbon emissions can result in global warming which is expected to have a detrimental impact on life on earth.